Affordable almost linear earphones - Home Theater Forum and Systems - HomeTheaterShack.com

 
Thread Tools
post #1 of 6 Old 11-26-15, 06:39 AM Thread Starter
Shackster
 
Join Date: Nov 2015
Posts: 15
Affordable almost linear earphones

I have built a DIY microphone calibrator.

With that small construction, I can check the linearity of SPL microphones.



I have used that construction to create a calibration map of my SPL:

Left I had a Bruel&Kjaer class 1 SPL, right my cheapo SPL.

The pistonphone actuator is actually just a plain earphone. It is imperfect, but that does not matter for the comparison, since I sent for each frequency and each level just enough signal to get the required level on the Bruel&Kjaer class 1 SPL.
Now I have got a map of my own SPL. WOW! that one wasn't really linear at all.
But that does not matter either: I can inject the signals according to my map to recreate exactly what the professional SPL heard for each level an frequency.

That works well, but is not suitable to evaluate quickly a mic using white or pink noise.
For that, I would need a better earphone.

Who knows a good affordable earphone that is approximately linear?

Thank you for your input.
rin67630 is offline  
Sponsored Links
Advertisement
 
post #2 of 6 Old 11-26-15, 08:43 AM
Plain ole user
 
lcaillo's Avatar
Tech Guru
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Gainesville, FL, USA
Posts: 11,121
Send a message via AIM to lcaillo
Re: Affordable almost linear earphones

I'll defer to our resident headphone guru, Audiocraver. You might look for some of his reviews.




Looking for me, just google my username. I have used the same one for most sites for many years.
lcaillo is offline  
post #3 of 6 Old 11-26-15, 08:56 AM
Elite Shackster
 
Join Date: Mar 2009
Location: Arizona, USA
Posts: 1,562
My System
Re: Affordable almost linear earphones

I don't follow why that is needed.
For the same reason as you stated above, the only need is to able to record the differences at each freq between the reference SLM and the test Mic.

Use REW or other audio analysis program to plot the response of both units using a sweep or PinkPN signal. The difference in response is the cal info needed. REW and others include 'A / B' math.

Maybe the B&K SLM doesn't have a line out? The mic sure will.

Sorry if I misunderstood the problem.
jtalden is offline  
 
post #4 of 6 Old 11-27-15, 05:27 PM Thread Starter
Shackster
 
Join Date: Nov 2015
Posts: 15
Re: Affordable almost linear earphones

Quote:
jtalden wrote: View Post
I don't follow why that is needed.
For the same reason as you stated above, the only need is to able to record the differences at each freq between the reference SLM and the test Mic.

Use REW or other audio analysis program to plot the response of both units using a sweep or PinkPN signal. The difference in response is the cal info needed. REW and others include 'A / B' math.

Maybe the B&K SLM doesn't have a line out? The mic sure will.

Sorry if I misunderstood the problem.
No, you did not misunderstand the problem.
I just have got a lot of additional problems.

REW can fix some non-linearities but no real hard resonances of 40dB and more...

First of all my construction with the T-pipe was inadequate.
With white noise one could hear a lot of resonances, a bit like in a sewer pipe!.
So I had to use another construction and have the actuator directly against the microphone.

The second lesson is that earphones are inadequate as actuators as well.
Earphones are conceived to be psychoacoustically correct for most ears, and that is everything but not linear!

So I made another attempt with a Shure 1/2 inch dynamic microphone capsule.
The response was much cleaner, with no hard resonances, but it was not linear.

REW could fix it, but not above 5KHz.

Indeed at that frequency the wavelengths are so short, that the pistonphone construction becomes physically inadequate.

That means the only solution would be to go free field in an anechoic chamber, with a suitable mid-power actuator...
$$$
rin67630 is offline  
post #5 of 6 Old 11-28-15, 07:01 AM
Elite Shackster
 
Join Date: Mar 2009
Location: Arizona, USA
Posts: 1,562
My System
Re: Affordable almost linear earphones

No fixture is really needed. Most any inexpensive measurement mic is pretty flat from 50Hz to 1.5kHz or so. There is usually a rise of 3-6dB with the peak somewhere around 10kHz as you are probably aware.

It is easy to just use a dome TW with the mic at 2-5mm for the actuator. I did that using my SEAS TW to compare the response of 4 different calibrations of 3 mics (2 different calibration labs) to see how close they agreed. In my case I didn't have a reference mic so I was just looking to use the average so they all would agree in case my favorite mic failed. Now they all agree to a fraction of a dB. We can even do 90 calibrations accurately that way.

Since you have reference B&K SLM, you can use it to calibrate the other mic. The bass range is a little more difficult, but the same concept can be used there. The lower midrange is another story as the room can be an issue for high accuracy, I don't remember how well that worked, but again the measurement mics should all be pretty flat in that range. I only remember I didn't have an issue there.

There was several dB discrepancy of my mic calibrations at the low bass as that is the range that is difficult for most all calibration services. The good thing is that 3-4dB error in very low bass is not a sound quality issue.

This process takes a lot more work and time than the coupler used in calibration labs so it can't be used by those services. I find the results to be much more repeatable however so if you have a good reference mic and want to spend the time you can match that calibration very closely.
jtalden is offline  
post #6 of 6 Old 11-28-15, 11:12 AM Thread Starter
Shackster
 
Join Date: Nov 2015
Posts: 15
Re: Affordable almost linear earphones

Up to 4 Khz the pistonphone technique (dynamic microphone as an actuator) at 1mm from test microphone connected by a flexible sleeve works well.
I just made a REW amplifier calibration with the combination above and can check the linearity of the microphones.

By the way I just found that the t.bone XLR to USB adapter with Phantom power is absolutely execrable:
That one: http://www.thomann.de/gb/the_tbone_micplug_usb.htm
aaaargh! http://www.cjoint.com/doc/15_11/EKCm...T-Bone-USB.jpg
Who could belive that one can sell THAT in the 21st century?

It was not the mic. The same mic on my mixer-table performs linear to 2 dB.

Now looking for a usable XLR to USB converter...
A mic with integrated USB like the UMIK is not an option: I have at least 20 meter cable in between. USB does not allow that length...
Using a mixer is too unconvenient.

P.S: I don't own a BK SPL, i just have a chap at the university, who can let me use one sometimes.

Last edited by rin67630; 11-28-15 at 11:21 AM.
rin67630 is offline  
Reply

Bookmarks

Tags
affordable , earphones , linear

Quick Reply
Message:
Options

Register Now




PLEASE COMPLETE ALL REQUIRED FIELDS BELOW... THANKS!

REQUIRED FIELDS ON THIS PAGE
YOU MUST COMPLETE ALL OF THESE

Username
Password
Confirm Password
Email Address
Confirm Email Address
Random Question
Random Question #2




User Name:
Password
Please enter a password for your user account. Note that passwords are case-sensitive.

Password:


Confirm Password:
Email Address
PLEASE READ BELOW PRIOR TO ENTERING AN EMAIL ADDRESS!

ATTENTION!

YOU MUST ACTIVATE YOUR ACCOUNT!

Activation requires you reply to an email we will send you after you register... if you do not reply to this email, you will not be able to view certain areas of the forum or certain images... nor will you be able download software.

AN INVALID EMAIL ADDRESS WILL CAUSE YOUR ACCOUNT TO BE DELETED!

See our banned email list here: Banned Email List

We DO NOT respond to spamcop, boxtrapper and spamblocker emails... please add @hometheatershack DOT com to your whitelist prior to registering or you will get nowhere on your registration.


Email Address:
OR

Log-in










Thread Tools
Show Printable Version Show Printable Version
Email this Page Email this Page



Posting Rules  
You may post new threads
You may post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML is not allowed!
Trackbacks are Off
Pingbacks are Off
Refbacks are Off

 


For the best viewing experience please update your browser to Google Chrome