Home Theater Forum and Systems banner
1 - 20 of 35 Posts

·
Registered
Joined
·
79 Posts
Discussion Starter · #1 ·
I have a custom-built sub in me basement with a BFD 1124 doing the EQ. I had Eq'ed it with a desktop once after install, but after getting a Turtle Beach USB soundcard for my laptop to measure my parent's sub, I thought I'd play some with mine.

Here is the frequency response with Wayne's "hard knee" house curve:



I think the rise below 20 Hz is artificial/soundcard-induced because I didn't see that in previous measurments, but instead saw a 10 dB drop between 20 Hz and 10 Hz. I'm a little dissatisfied with the drop from the target in the 80-180Hz range, but I haven't figured out the filter combination to fix that yet.

I had never measured a waterfall of my system before, but I thought I'd take the opportunity with the new soundcard. The problem is, I have no idea how to interpret a waterfall plot! Any thoughts? How does this look?

 

·
Super Moderator
Joined
·
9,288 Posts

I'm a little dissatisfied with the drop from the target in the 80-180Hz range, but I haven't figured out the filter combination to fix that yet.
I usually don’t do much EQ in that range because the mains are overlapping. I’d suggest taking a reading with the mains added to see what you get. If you still think EQ is needed, a 1/6-octave filter (I think that’s something like 8-10/60 in “BFD-speak”) centered a bit north of 90 Hz should do the trick.

I had never measured a waterfall of my system before, but I thought I'd take the opportunity with the new soundcard. The problem is, I have no idea how to interpret a waterfall plot! Any thoughts? How does this look?
The waterfall looks fine. :T

Regards,
Wayne A. Pflughaupt

 

·
Registered
Joined
·
22 Posts
The response below 20Hz is probably mechanical vibrations in the mic due to mechanical connection betwen the sub, via the floor, and to the mic. I allways get a quite different bass response when I am hanging the mic in elastic wires, and add some weight to the mic, or holding it in my hand during measuring.

Most probably you have a much less response in acoustical energy below 50 - 60Hz than measured with the mic.

Br.

Vidar
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
2,604 Posts
I usually don’t do much EQ in that range because the mains are overlapping. I’d suggest taking a reading with the mains added to see what you get. If you still think EQ is needed, a 1/6-octave filter (I think that’s something like 8-10/60 in “BFD-speak”) centered a bit north of 90 Hz should do the trick.

The waterfall looks fine. :T

Regards,
Wayne A. Pflughaupt
You're not concerned with 20-30 Hz?
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
7,514 Posts
You're not concerned with 20-30 Hz?
If you're referring to the ringing at 20-30Hz, then no, it's not signal ringing - it's noise.

Notice how the signal very nicely decays at 20-30Hz from the first slice with fairly even spacing in time? Then all of a sudden a signal appears that rings and rings. It's noise -just as the signal at 120Hz is a harmonic of some 60 Hz hum he has somewhere (likely caused by the PC being connected to the system).

These type of things can be ignored - the waterfall is quite good...

brucek
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
79 Posts
Discussion Starter · #6 ·
Thanks for the comments, everyone. It's good to know the waterfall looks reasonable. I've been enjoying the performance of the sub for the past year.

I'd like ot figure out how to do the graphs that I've seen on other subwoofer reviews that show compression of the sub at higher volumes. When I tried increasing the volume with this setup, I got errors about somethign clipping, even though volumes were still relatively low.

Perhaps I just need to read the documentation on setup in REW again. :bigsmile::

To take a full-range reading (and see if the >80 Hz dip is causing problems) do you just run the same sweep, but change the upper end of the frequency range to 2000 Hz instead of 200Hz? I tried that (I think), but got a graph that just looked like noise. FWIW, I'm using the old analog RS meter as a mic.
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
7,514 Posts
I'd like to figure out how to do the graphs that I've seen on other subwoofer reviews that show compression of the sub at higher volumes. When I tried increasing the volume with this setup, I got errors about something clipping, even though volumes were still relatively low.
Each time you turn up the volume to take another sweep, run the Check Levels routine to setup your levels, then run the Calibrate SPL routine and set the REW meter to 75dB (even though it's actually higher each time you measure).

Then you can overlay all the results.

To take a full-range reading (and see if the >80 Hz dip is causing problems) do you just run the same sweep, but change the upper end of the frequency range to 2000 Hz instead of 200Hz?
Yes, but remember you setup your levels using a band limited pink noise that had limits of 30Hz-80Hz, so you may have to fuss with the levels a bit. Test with the Check Levels in the Measurement screen to check if the levels are OK. If not, tweak the input level.

brucek
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
2,604 Posts
To take a full-range reading (and see if the >80 Hz dip is causing problems) do you just run the same sweep, but change the upper end of the frequency range to 2000 Hz instead of 200Hz? I tried that (I think), but got a graph that just looked like noise. FWIW, I'm using the old analog RS meter as a mic.
Yes, but remember you setup your levels using a band limited pink noise that had limits of 30Hz-80Hz, so you may have to fuss with the levels a bit. Test with the Check Levels in the Measurement screen to check if the levels are OK. If not, tweak the input level.
If it was me, what Bruce said here would be more important than going up to 2kHz right now. Then, turning on the mains and doing the same sweep.
 

·
Elite Shackster
Joined
·
7,142 Posts
Each time you turn up the volume to take another sweep, run the Check Levels routine to setup your levels, then run the Calibrate SPL routine and set the REW meter to 75dB (even though it's actually higher each time you measure).

Then you can overlay all the results.



brucek
I just leave the SPL as it is calibration wise (the radio shack one), and increase the range to my target area till the check levels comes back as fine. Might be the easier way, instead of calibrating the spl each time, I find it ok anyway.

I suppose, technically speaking, recalibrating is the right way to go, but I dont find it necessary myself.

As for waterfalls, IIRC ( and correct me if not), anything under 500ms is considered a good response. Thats what I work to anyway. As others have said, waterfall looks good to me.

EDIT:

I have a question for Bruce and wayne. I'm currently building a DIY sub, and want to test a compound push pull design (designed to remove even ordered harmonics and improve SQ) versus a Seaton Submerssive dual opposed design. Can I use the waterfalls to 'see' this difference if there is any?
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
438 Posts
Can I use the waterfalls to 'see' this difference if there is any?
"Can" you? If you recorded playing a single tone, I suppose you could always run it through the waterfall FFT to watch the distortion decay.

I think this would be much easier to see with the RTA function (the Spectrum tab in REW).
 

·
Elite Shackster
Joined
·
7,142 Posts
In what regard? What would you be looking for? Waterfalls are basically showing you the room...

brucek
Well the push pull design is supposed to improve driver performance by removing distortion. I'm wandering if you can use REW specifically to measure this and actually see if there is any measurable difference in my room..

It may well just be a case of look at the waterfalls I guess. To measure the driver performance, would I technically speaking, have to put the SPL inside the cabinet, otherwise like you say, Im measureing the room rather than the drivers.

Sorry if I'm hijacking the thread a little.
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
7,514 Posts
To measure the driver performance, would I technically speaking, have to put the SPL inside the cabinet
That wouldn't measure driver performance. If you want to measure a driver without the rooms influence you would take measurements outside.

brucek
 

·
Elite Shackster
Joined
·
7,142 Posts
That wouldn't measure driver performance. If you want to measure a driver without the rooms influence you would take measurements outside.

brucek
Well yeah, but if there is one configuration distorting less than the other, I should still be able to see the same differences in room anyway, so no need to go outside I dont think.

I'm wandering if there is a way to use REW to see if there is any worthwhile removal of harmonic distortion. Waterfalls might not be the best way to see this directly, but I'm thinking that a sub distorting less should ring less. Not sure?
 

·
Elite Shackster
Joined
·
7,142 Posts
The sub isn't ringing though, the room is.........

brucek
Isnt there a relation between driver distortion and ringing. Sure the room has a bearing on this, but I thought higher distortion within a driver will provoke this ringing effect more?
 

·
Registered
Joined
·
7,514 Posts
Isnt there a relation between driver distortion and ringing. Sure the room has a bearing on this, but I thought higher distortion within a driver will provoke this ringing effect more?
No, I don't believe so. The window that is used on the impulse response to produce the frequency response and the waterfall slices specifically does not include the harmonic distortion images, so they won't show up in the waterfall plots. You can examine the impulse response itself though (before time zero) and see the distortion harmonics. The first harmonic before time zero is the second harmonic and the next is the third, etc, as time gets more negative.

brucek
 

·
Super Moderator
Joined
·
9,288 Posts
Isnt there a relation between driver distortion and ringing. Sure the room has a bearing on this, but I thought higher distortion within a driver will provoke this ringing effect more?
All the waterfall is showing is how long it takes for the signal to fade away (or drop) about 40-45 dB - i.e., from whatever volume level it was taken at (typically something like 80-85 dB at the peaks) to the 45 dB floor of the graph (of course, the graph's floor can be lowered, if desired). Logically, the driver itself has nothing to do with signal decay time, and certainly nothing related to distortion will affect the signal decay time. The only thing that will affect the decay time is bass frequency treatments (like bass traps).

Regards,
Wayne
 

·
Elite Shackster
Joined
·
7,142 Posts
Cheers guys,

Thats cleared that up. So other than using my ears, there no real way for joe public to measure harmonics variations of a sub?
 
1 - 20 of 35 Posts
Top