# What is Phase, how it's related to SPL, How to intepret?

3280 Views 1 Reply 2 Participants Last post by  Wayne A. Pflughaupt
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Hello there,
I am a newbie to REW,
Below are measurements made in my room.

I do have many question about it, Could you help me please.

1-) at 40Hz and 80Hz are two dips... Is it called "Room mode"?
2-) If this room is to be treated with bass trap. is it going to be at 40, 80 Hz?
3-) How can I read Phase? at apprx 31Hz it is at 180 degree, while the further I move the the right, Phase is getting lower degree until it gets by 0 and then goes to -180 degree again. Is there something wrong?

I don't understand phase & SPL relationship at all.
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1-) at 40Hz and 80Hz are two dips... Is it called "Room mode"?
A room mode is a large peak in response, or a null, which is a deep, narrow depression. So I would charaterize your dips as troughs, not modes.

2-) If this room is to be treated with bass trap. is it going to be at 40, 80 Hz?
Bass traps primarily reduce low frequency decay times (i.e. the time it takes the signal to fade away). They also tend to minimimze any peaks and troughs as well, but not totally eliminate them. However, most traps are not effective down at 40 Hz. The ones that are are very large and/or numerous. IOW, they take up a lot of space in a room.

3-) How can I read Phase?

I don't understand phase & SPL relationship at all.
There isn't one really, at least not a strong one. There's more of a relation between phase and frequency response than SPL. Perhaps John can give a better informed comment, but IMO the phase graph is mostly a "FYI" thing. There is no inherently "wrong" phase reading, and about the only thing you can do to change it is to relocate the speakers, or change the physical dimensions of the room. You should mainly be concerned about frequency response, because that's something you can actually hear, and make some adjustments on if necessary.

Regards,
Wayne

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